Move Over Herbert Hoover, Make Room for Donald Trump

Herbert Hoover was often mentioned in my family as I grew up in Savannah, Georgia, in the 1940s and 1950s. Grandmother Simmons had a picture of Franklin Roosevelt in a place of honor in the living room despite Grandfather’s raging against FDR’s encouragement of African-Americans (a term, by the way, my grandfather would never use). Grandma kept reminding us that Roosevelt saved them after they lost the family farm, moved to the city, and took my father out of school in the fourth grade to go to work on a wagon delivering blocks of ice for old fashioned iceboxes. Hoover’s name was never mentioned except to remind us that “he caused the depression.”

I heard the same message from my mother whose family managed to keep their farm as her older brothers supported her and their widowed mother through hard times. Blaming Herbert Hoover was one of the few items on which Mama agreed with her chief rival, my Grandma Simmons.

That’s why I started a family crisis in 1956 by coming home from school and reporting what I learned in social studies in my sixth-grade class. “Mama, I found out that Herbert Hoover didn’t cause the Great Depression.” The sound waves from my mother’s explosion still ring in my ears. “I lived through it,” she yelled at me. “No matter what books say, I know who caused the depression.”

That was the day I decided history was my favorite subject and set out to discover why feelings were so strong in my family. In matching the family oral accounts with the history books, I came to understand why they were “yellow dog Democrats,” which meant they would vote for Lassie over any Republican.

My life experiences have been very different from my parents and grandparents. Most notably, public expectations of presidents changed radically because of the Great Depression, Second World War, and the Cold War. Under Harry Truman, American law eliminated the old laissez-faire restrictions that Hoover and his predecessors had considered moral imperatives. The president was made responsible for the national economy and national security. Since then elections have often hinged on the state of the economy as the American public graded presidents by its performance. Two groups of executive advisors – the Council of Economic Advisors and the National Security Council – played an essential role as the president made emergency decisions without having to endure slow congressional processes. However, emergency actions had to be followed up with congressional deliberations because the separation of powers was not eliminated even during crises.

The near-dictatorial powers of the president during emergencies were extended to include response to natural disasters such as hurricanes, tornadoes, and floods. International trade and tourism also brought awareness of contagious diseases as emergencies that could develop remarkably fast. The National Security Presidency gave our chief executive temporary dictatorial authority to mobilize and direct federal agencies and even industry to respond quickly to any bona fide emergency.

The rapid descent of our nation into economic and health crises in 2020 prompts a comparison of present actions with Hoover, a pre-national-security president, and George W. Bush who was president at the beginning of the recession of 2008. Many presidents since Hoover have stumbled during emergencies, but none have been complete failures until Donald J. Trump. Will those who grow up under the current crisis be justified in following the example of my parents and grandparents in blaming Trump for all the bad things our country is starting to experience?

Hoover, the Hapless President. Intelligence is not a good predictor of presidential success. Few presidents have been smarter than Herbert Hoover, who was a great engineer, philanthropist, and advocate for world peace yet failed as a political leader amidst a national crisis. In my view, Hoover deserves more compassion than judgment because of the relative inexperience of the Federal Reserve System (created in 1913) and the tenacity of outdated ideas such as staying on the gold standard and the laissez-faire principles that hampered government intervention in the economy. Many of Hoover’s errors came while holding to what he thought were important principles even in the face of increasing national desperation. He was not an insensitive human being, as he proved in many ways after his presidency.

The boldness of Franklin Roosevelt set a new standard for presidents. Not all his initiatives worked because flexibility and experimentation in time of emergency were emphasized. The combined experiences of the Hoover and Roosevelt administrations led to insights that would help later presidents in making better decisions to avoid economic catastrophes. When the nation found itself in a war after the Pearl Harbor attack, Roosevelt guided us through an unprecedented mobilization of industry and public energy to astonish the world with our industrial capacity and finally end the Great Depression. From that experience emerged support for the National Security Presidency under Harry Truman.

Bush, the Stumbling President. Despite the circulating jokes throughout his presidency, George W. Bush was intelligent, well-educated, and a better leader in a crisis than Hoover. The beneficiary of a tainted election, Bush was unpopular until the nation rallied around him after the attack on the twin towers in September 2001. After performing well in responding to a new Pearl Harbor, he undermined national progress with an unnecessary pre-emptive war in Iraq that destroyed his credibility and turned into a repeat of the Vietnam experience.

Bush made things worse by undermining the bipartisan support he had enjoyed with mean-spirited attacks when he ran for a second term. Economic policies further divided the nation as he ran up the deficit through two expensive wars while using tax cuts for the wealthy as an economic stimulus. To his credit, he courageously made difficult decisions that improved the situation in Iraq and to begin addressing the financial crisis in 2008 as banks were about to collapse. His policies played a significant role in bringing about the recession and near depression at the end of his second term, but he performed better than Hoover by casting aside party orthodoxy to lay a foundation for recovery under the next president.

President Bush had an uneven record during emergencies. The initial response to 9/11 was admirable. Unfortunately, he launched an unnecessary war in Iraq, embarrassed himself by claiming victory prematurely, and failed the people of Louisiana during Hurricane Katrina. Yet he demonstrated a capacity to learn on the job. He showed courage and determination in supporting the surge in Iraq. At the end of his term, he bucked party orthodoxy as he confronted the reality of the growing financial crisis and took action to head off economic collapse. His party rejected him as the TEA Party faction emerged under Bush’s successor to undermine national cooperation on economic issues.

Trump, the Unfit President. No one can deny the cunning intelligence of Donald Trump, yet his incompetence and unfitness for carrying out the basic responsibilities of the presidency are magnified by success in bringing a dwindling Republican party under his control. Character issues had become normal ways for Republicans to attack Democratic opponents. After all, Republican conservatives stood for old-time family and religious values. Or so it appeared until the rise of Trump.

The failings of Donald Trump as president are easy to identify because they are found in claims of great accomplishments that did not occur. Leadership was not shown in legislative accomplishments, but in executive orders undermining reforms and policies instituted by President Obama. He promised to “drain the swamp” in Washington to throw out lobbyist influence, yet nominated a cabinet qualified for the most part by their experience lobbying against the agencies they were nominated to lead. He promised a superior form of healthcare by “repealing and replacing Obamacare,” yet only proposed ways of undermining healthcare guarantees most valued by the American people. A tax cut for the middle class was promised that would cost his family business, but what happened was a gigantic tax giveaway to rich individuals, corporations, and his business interests.

One promise he kept was the terror campaign against all immigrants of color. When a Congress with Republican majorities in both chambers refused to fund a border wall, Trump manufactured crises on the border during the election campaign of 2018. When the nation soundly rejected the false crises, Trump went further by declaring a national emergency then illegally moved funds and ordered the military to do assignments forbidden by law. Court orders seeking to remedy injuries to innocent families wanting legal asylum were evaded or ignored as human rights violations became standard operating procedure on the southern border.

All efforts to seek legislative accomplishments went out the window when Democrats took control of the House of Representatives and cranked out hundreds of bills. Bragging about the economy as a personal accomplishment became the centerpiece of his re-election campaign along with blaming Democrats for anything his supporters did not like. The emergence of Covid-19 in China and South Korea was handled as were other issues he saw as a political threat – by claiming it was a hoax perpetrated by Democrats to hurt him politically. Months went by as the virus spread across the globe and internal experts were calling for action to prevent a pandemic. As the states of Washington, California, and New York were engulfed in emergency conditions, Trump finally listened to pleading governors to declare a national emergency, use legal emergency powers to redirect industry, mobilize the military disaster resources, and activate FEMA disaster assistance. In weeks of a growing crisis, he grudgingly dragged his feet in taking key emergency actions, all the while trumpeting what a great job his administration was doing.

How can someone who brags about being a great leader every day – who gloried in executive actions striking down achievements of his predecessor – fail to see a genuine crisis demanding urgent presidential guidance? He was so busy manufacturing false crises as he focused primarily on re-election that he failed to guarantee re-election through foresight and determined leadership in one of the greatest crises ever faced by the United States. Even worse, he is focused on the performance of the stock market as essential to his reelection to the extent that he shows complete insensitivity to the welfare of people whose lives are at risk because he refuses to put the full power of federal authority to work making life-saving medical equipment and supplies available. Heartless is a mild description of the ineptitude and unfitness demonstrated daily by this narcissistic president as the pandemic worsened in the spring of 2020.

Who to Blame? As the pandemic undermines a thriving American economy and plunges us near depression levels of unemployment, it becomes clear that Americans will probably blame Donald Trump as many of them blamed Herbert Hoover when I was growing up. Will that be fair? He did not cause the viral epidemic that began in China. He also did not originate the Republican attack on science that demonized evolution and rejected warnings of environmental and climate catastrophes. But federal agencies with extensive experience in dealing with all types of natural disasters were under incompetent Trump appointees. The experts in the National Security Council that planned for disease outbreaks were eliminated. Many agencies removed scientific data from agency websites because science was not supporting Trump’s statements. Trump’s attacks on science amounted to unilateral disarmament that disregarded the inevitable rise of new diseases. For destroying national ability to combat pandemics and for wasting months of opportunity to get prepared, President Trump is responsible.

Even worse, as the consequences of ignoring a mounting crisis became clear, Donald Trump demonstrated an accelerated inability to manage the public health emergency. Advice from medical experts around the world was clear, as could be seen in the experiences in China and Italy. But reelection politics and his ego were always Trump’s first priority – as increasingly demonstrated in daily briefings that became his substitute for the rallies he was not holding. His behavior as the crisis mounted increasingly proved his unwillingness to focus on reality as he insisted that reality must conform to his preferences.

Herbert Hoover did not cause the Great Depression; he just mishandled it based on flawed principles. George W. Bush contributed to the problems behind the recession of 2008, but he showed resilience and courage in preventing a financial collapse. For Donald Trump, every day of his campaign for the presidency and every day of his term of office have proved his unfitness for the National Security Presidency. The price of his incompetence came due as a new virus threatened the world and forced all Americans to deal with a harsh reality. Still, polls on his approval rating continue to show at least 40% of Americans support a transparently inept president.

How did we come to have a president who is incapable of recognizing a catastrophic crisis? Most voters knew he was a liar and charlatan yet voted for him anyway. Too many voters ignored warnings by national security officials from both parties. Have American voters realized the necessity of an effective National Security President as they live out deadly consequences of the election of 2016? The election in November 2020 is an opportunity to find out if lessons have been learned about the importance of competent and fit national leadership.

Dr. Edward G. Simmons is a graduate of Mercer University and earned both an M.A. and Ph.D. from Vanderbilt University. After a career of service for the Georgia Department of Human Resources, he returned to his original career by teaching history part-time at Georgia Gwinnett College and Brenau University. Noted for energetic and challenging presentations, he is the author of Talking Back to the Bible: A Historian’s Approach to Bible Study.

Life Is Not About Finding Yourself But Creating Yourself

Life is how we make it. Be that as it may, but many people are experiencing their lives along these lines. Regardless of whether deliberately or unknowingly we disengaged from our capacity, substance and soul to wind up feeling at some degree lost. Possibly it happens when we appear to have all that we need superficially; cash, assets, achievement, yet we need satisfaction at the most profound level.

At some instances, we feel lost and confounded along these lines, it is our awareness to wake us up to the truth of who we truly are; divine limitless creatures that are incredible, unfathomable. The saddest part is that individuals may never tune in to this call from soul. A significant number of us are so molded, so sleeping to our own stunning force that it’s excessively startling. Rather than grasping our capacity, we deviated our cognizance.

On the other hand, when we are open and responsive to revealing our fullest potential, we increase an awesome chance to gain proficiency with the embodiment of what it genuinely intends to make our life. The way we pick here is the thing that decides the course of our future, and influences our capacity to genuinely venture into our most noteworthy conceivable articulation. The single greatest change we can grasp now in our lives is to assume radical liability for who and where we are now.

From this point onward, we become open to development, extension and the fixing of the entirety of the constrained perspectives and being we have utilized before. Assuming liability for your life along these lines takes HUGE measures of mental fortitude. It might be awkward on occasion to decide to be the sensible maker of our reality, since it implies there is never again any other person to blame for the things we don’t care for. What is unmistakably increasingly awkward however is carrying on with an actual existence path underneath our potential since we never had the mental fortitude to assume liability for our lives.

Every individual holds a different perspective about life due to our distinct way of thinking and attitude towards life. I believe it’s up to us to create our role in it. Life is all about discovering our true self. It is high time to stop finding yourself and go ahead to creating yourself.

In fact, we lose our true essence because we want our society to accept us, so we change, and compromise. But when we spend few moments to reflect, we realized that it is important that we create our own identity. Every choice we make matters. To shape our lives like the way we want it, we need to make bold choices to achieve our goals even if it means taking the road less traveled. We need to make decisions that bring us closer to our goals of creating a name for ourselves.

8 Simple Tips for Maintaining a Beautiful Lawn

Who doesn’t love a lawn that’s a beautiful green hue and provides total ground cover? Achieving this goal is a little more involved than mowing the grass a couple of times a month.

Who doesn’t love a lawn that’s a beautiful green hue and provides total ground cover? Achieving this goal is a little more involved than mowing the grass a couple of times a month. In fact, there’s quite a bit to lawn maintenance Arkansas that property owners sometimes overlook. Here are some tips that will make it easier to keep the lawn looking great all year long.

Don’t Mow the Grass Too Short

Property owners who choose to do their own landscaping rather than hiring a service sometimes yield to the temptation to change the settings on the lawnmower wheels and cut the grass a little shorter. While that can mean mowing the lawn less, grass that’s too short paves the way for quite a few other issues.

If the cut is too short, it could expose bald spots in the lawn that you would not see otherwise. This is true with certain types of grass that tend to grow in clumps. Blades that are too short also retain less nutrients. The result is that the grass may begin to yellow and eventually die for a lack of proper nutrition. If you still need more motivation, grass that’s cut too low increases the potential for weeds to flourish.

Stay on Top of Weeds and Moss

If you do notice that weeds are beginning to sprout here and there, don’t allow them to remain in place for very long. The same goes for patch of moss. Weeds steal nutrients from the surrounding grass, increasing the odds of dead spots developing. Moss may be considered picturesque to some people, but it also has a way of killing off grass that’s nearby. One of the joys of calling on the skill of landscape gardeners Arkansas is that they can get rid of problems like moss or flourishing weeds before they can cause a lot of damage to your lawn.

Edging After Mowing is Essential

Now that you know not to mow the grass too short, it’s time to think about the edging. That’s the spaces around the perimeter of the lawn. Some examples would be the line where the driveway meets the lawn, or the area where the flower beds start and the grass ends.

You’ll find that the better lawn care services Arkansas make it a point to edge lawns immediately after mowing. What does this accomplish? It helps to improve the appearance of the grounds. The lawn looks more manicured and finished. It also helps to create what’s known as a root barrier around the flower beds. That barrier helps to reduce the potential for the grass to take over the bed.

Take Care of Bald Spots Promptly

There are several reasons for bald spots developing. One has to do with erosion. Water could be washing away seeds before they can settle in and flourish. There’s also the possibility that the bald spot developed because of some type of grass disease. In the latter scenario, you need to find out what’s happening before the disease can spread to other parts of the lawn.

Once the issue is resolved, you do want to seed the area. A landscaping professional will know how to match the seeds with the type of grass that’s already present. With the right fertilizer and general care, it won’t be long until those bald spots begin to fill in.

But Avoid Over Seeding

When it comes to seeding a lawn, more is not always better. If you have what’s known as a cool grass in the lawn, more seeds are not likely to produce any poor effects. The worst that can happen is the lawn becomes a little thicker than you expect.

With other forms of grass, you’re basically wasting money and seeds. The coverage won’t be any better and you may find the outcome is not all that great. If you’re in doubt about how much seeding to use, consider leaving the task in the hands of a professional.

The Same Goes for Too Much Watering

Is it really possible to water a lawn too much? Even during the summer months, you can overdo things a bit. Some of the potential outcomes will set your overall lawn maintenance Arkansas back quite a bit.

What can happen if you water the lawn too much? The grass roots may begin to rot as the ground becomes saturated. There’s also the possibility of the grass developing fungus that has to be removed before it can spread. Along with these major problems, the grass may begin to turn yellow and die. That’s tied back to the rotting of the grass roots.

Aerate the Lawn During the Spring or Autumn

Lawn aeration is the process of perforating the soil with a series of small holes. The goal is to create points of entry where nutrients and water can penetrate ground that’s compacted and less capable of supporting the root system for most types of grass. Aeration can be accomplished using different types of equipment, including footwear that makes it possible to walk around the lawn and systematically create those perforations.

When’s the best time aerate a lawn? Spring autumn are considered prime seasons. That’s because the ground is more likely to be compacted after the winter or the summer. It’s also two of the seasons when property owners are most likely to seed their lawns. Aeration increases the potential for the seeds to sprout, roots to develop, and grass to grown.

Pay Attention to the Drainage

Pay close attention to what happens with the lawn when it rains. After a heavy rain, are there spots where water tends to stand for a longer period of time? That’s an indication that the drainage is not the best.

You already know how too much water can affect the lawn. Along with too frequent waterings, rain that stands for a long time has the same effect. If you notice this happening, it pays to call in a professional landscaper and see what can be done to improve the drainage. Doing so will prevent a number of potential problems in the years to come.

Remember that proper lawn care pays off in the form of a beautiful landscape. It also means having a space where you can relax and let go of whatever happened earlier in the day. If time is an issueFree Web Content, do consider hiring a professional lawn services. Doing so will ensure that your lawn remains healthy and always looks as if you spent the entire weekend caring for it.